What is a second charge loan?

A second charge loan is secured against a property that already has a loan outstanding (a first charge). Furthermore, it is riskier than a first charge loan as the first charge lender gets repaid before the second charge is repaid. Due to the higher risk, second charge loans often carry higher interest rates than first charge loans.

For example:

If a property is worth £100,000 and there is a first charge mortgage of £50,000, the borrowing is 50% of the value of the property – that is 50% LTV.

If in addition to first charge mortgage, there is a second charge loan of £20,000 then the total borrowing against the property is £70,000 which represents 70% of its value. So, the total LTV for the property is 70% LTV.

With a second charge loan, the LTV is even more important. Because the first charge lender is always repaid first, second charge lenders are taking a greater risk that they might not be repaid if the property value comes down or the amount of either the first charge or second charge loans increase.

This explains why second charge loans carry higher interest rates if the mortgage requires them to lend a higher percentage of the value (lend to a higher LTV).

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Investment through LandlordInvest involves lending to individuals and companies, so your investment can go down as well as up. Borrowing through LandlordInvest involves entering into a mortgage contract secured against a property as the borrower. Your property may be repossessed if you do not keep up repayments on your mortgage.

LandlordInvest Limited is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) (FRN 660926). LandlordInvest Limited is not covered by the Financial Services Compensation Scheme (FSCS).

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